Affective Spaces

「哭牆」作為情感空間 "Wailing Wall" as Affective Space


2020年2月7日,武漢中心醫院眼科醫生李文亮因為在就診的過程中感染了新 冠肺炎而病逝。作為中國最初的新冠疫情「吹哨人」之一,李的離去引起了 中國網民的極大反響,而李生前的微博被稱為中國的「哭牆」,成了網民自我表 達的空間。本文以「哭牆」裡的留言為研究文本,探討在當下中國的社會語境 中,「哭牆」如何透過個體的生活經驗和情感表達為基礎的個體書寫,傳遞出 集體性的感覺結構,又如何形構出一個「情感公眾」。通過對於「哭牆」悼念 李文亮的文本分析,本文聚焦討論由網路串聯在一起的情感公眾,如何打開了 一個跨越私密個體故事的情感空間,展示出個體敘事的政治潛力,特別是個人 的政治性在日常生活的話語中如何呈現。一方面個體敘事干擾和消解了官方所 建構的宏大敘事,同時也生產與具有情感強度和政治潛能的「受傷主體」。

On 2 February 2020, Li Wenliang , known for raising awareness of early COVID-19 inflections in Wuhan, died after contracting the virus while treating patients. As one of the few whistleblowing doctors who tried to warn about the coronavirus outbreak but was investigated for allegedly spreading rumors, his death has sparked widespread public sentiments in mainland China. His Weibo page was soon turned into a 'wailing wall' where netizens come to pour out their grief and other emotions. This article takes the messages posted on Li's last entry as the focus of analysis, investigating the way such emotionally charged private narratives - which are based on the lived experiences of the individual - have brought into being a distinct structure of feeling and formulated affective publics" in China. Through an analysis of the collective mourning of Li, this article focuses on the way the affective publics open up an affective space of private storytelling and render the personal political through daily-life narratives. This is manifested in the private narrative's disturbance and dissolution of official grand narratives and the formulation of the "injured subject" marked by political intensity and potentials."